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Courses and Instructors


The course list has been moved to a new site. You can still view the current course list for spring 2016/2017 below but all Erasmus course lists will be available at the following website in the future: http://btkold.elte.hu/en/erasmus


List of courses for Erasmus students

Spring semester, 2016/2017 academic year



The courses are taken in English (or in French)

ECTS = 6 credits for each course

For more informations write please to the instructor



Eszter BARTHA dr. - BBN-ERA-187 – BMA-ERAD-187 – Dictatorships in Comparison

Time: Tuesday, 10h00-11h30

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/229.

The course gives an overview of the history of dictatorships in the 20th century, while challenging the simplistic notion of totalitarianism. We seek to explore the historical and social roots of Stalinism as well as place the state socialist regimes in a global context. Whereas both Stalinism and Nazism can be seen as products of the global crisis of capitalism (or a particular response to it),  it is important to distinguish between the two regimes because of the unique character of the Nazi genocide. We study the history of both regimes, their social and political context as well as their functioning in the everyday life. Whereas terror escalated with the outbreak of the Second World War, the Soviet system could transform itself into a consolidated regime. We will give a brief overview of de-Stalinization and conclude with the discussion of economic reforms in Central Europe.

Skills: the development of comparative skills and a deeper understanding of the political culture in the region.

Course readings:

Applebaum, Anne : Gulag : A History of the Soviet camps. London, Penguin Books, 2014.

Arendt, Hannah : The Origins of Totalitarianism. 1951.

Berend, T. Iván : Central and Eastern Europe, 1944-1993 : detour from the periphery to the periphery. Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Deutscher, Isaac. The great purges. Oxford, 1984.

Deutscher, Isaac: The unfinished revolution. Oxford, 1967.

Fitzpatrick, Sheila: The cultural front: power and culture in revolutionary Russia.

Fitzpatrick, Sheila: Stalin’s peasants. Oxford, 1994.

Fitzpatrick Sheila: Everyday Stalinism. 1999.

Geyer, Michael – Sheila Fitzpatrick (eds.). Beyond Totalitarianism: Stalinism and Nazism Compared. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Kenéz Péter: The birth of the propaganda state: Soviet methods of mass mobilization, 1917-1929.

Kershaw, Ian- Moshe Lewin (eds.): Stalinism and Nazism. Dictatorships in Comparison. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Kershaw, Ian: Hitler, 1936-1945 Nemesis, London: Penguin Books, 2000.

Kotkin, Stephen: Magnetic Mountain. Stalinism as a Civilization. Berkeley, University of California Press.

Krausz Tamás: Reconstructing Lenin. An Intellectual Biography. Monthly Review Press, 2015. 

Krausz Tamás: The Soviet and Hungarian Holocausts: A comparative essay. Boulder, Colo., 2006.

Pittaway, Mark : Eastern Europe 1939-2000. Arnold, London, 2004.

Viola, Lynne  (ed.): Contending with Stalinism : Soviet power and popular resistance in the 1930s. Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 2002.

Classes :

- Totalitarianism versus revisionism: Theorizing State Socialism

- The Bolshevik revolution

- Stalinism in the Soviet Union

- Repression and Terror in the Soviet Union

- Hitler’s rise to power

- The Nazi terror and the persecution of Jews

- The Soviet Union in the Second World War

- Holocaust in Eastern Europe

- The bipolar world order

- Stalinist culture and society

- The education of the masses in the Soviet Union

- De-Stalinization



Ramachandra BYRAPPA dr. – BBN-ERA-185/4 – BMA-ERAD-185/4 - "Geopolitical debating exercises"

Time: Tuesday 16h00 – 17h30

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8, II/204.


Today’s events are not islands in an ocean. Most of the current happenings have geopolitical origins in the century before or even earlier. To get a good understanding of today’s world affairs, one needs an analytical perspective of the geopolitical and historic developments. To know and analyze these events is one thing but being able to convey them to others verbally is another thing. The true extent of your understanding of a situation or event very much depends upon your ability to convey it to others, and the rational defense of your interpretation of it. This seminar can be an excellent arena for testing and developing your intellectual capabilities. 



Géza GECSE dr. – BBN-ERA-185 – BMA-ERAD-185National and Imperial Features in Habsburg and Romanov Empires between 1848 and 1917/1918

Time: Tuesday, 16h00-17h30.

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/205.


Partically in the past two decades a major debate has emerged concerning characteristic features of Empires, imperial ideologies, and the primary features of nation states and their relationship with democracy. The entire topic is related to the gradual split of the multinational Soviet Empire in the second half of the 1980-es and its subsequent dissolution in 1991.

Consequently, the Soviet State was transformed into more or less democratic nation-states, including Russia itself, although it is yet unclear what this state inherited directly from the Russian and Soviet imperial past, and how this has been incorporated into the Russian national mindset.

In a way, the second part of 19th century European History is similar to this process, for this was the age of the emergence of classical nation states in the world at large. Therefore the aim of the seminar is to describe how this process developed in multiethnic states, and in particular in the Habsburg and Romanov Empires. Demonstrated will be the national endeavours to form policies by both states in addition to the result of these efforts and their output in international politics between 1848 and 1917/1918.



Károly HALMOS Dr. – BBN-ERA-186 – BMA-ERAD-186 – Social History of 19th Century Hungary. An Overview

Time: Tuesday, 18h00-19h30

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/265.



The course is based on the newest study-book on 19th century Hungarian social history (written by György Kövér). Demography, spatiality, stratification, mobility, nation building (cultural history and mentality, history of political participation) are the basic issues of the meetings.

Requirements: Reading the respective chapters (in advance), visiting the classes, Activity in the discussions . Writing the paper (12.000 characters, topic: Compare Your home country and Hungary along one of the topics discussed!)

English language literature can be found best in the Library of the Ceuntral European University, Budapest. Supporting letter for admission to the CEU Library can be obtained at the Erasmus coordinator, Péter Erdősi.

Course reading:

Kövér, György: Inert Transformation: Social History of Hungary from the Reform Era to World War I. In: Gyáni, Gábor – Kövér, György – Valuch, Tibor: Social History of Hungary Hungary from the Reform Era to the End of the Twentieth Century. Social Science Monographs – Atlantic Research and Publications, Boulder, CO – Highland Lakes, N.J. 2004. 3-267. = Atlantic Studies on Society in Change 113 /East European Monographs 692/

Károly HALMOS Dr. – BBN-ERA-186 – BMA-ERAD-186 – 20th Century Comparative Social History.

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/265.

First class and setting the time: February 21st, 2017., 6 p.m.

The class is intended for those who accomplished the course: "Social History of 19th Century Hungary. An Overview"




Tomka, Béla: A Social History of Twentieth Century Europe. Routledge, London - N. Y. 2013.;

Gyáni, Gábor: Social History of Hungary in the Horthy Era. In: Social History of Hungary from the Reform Era to the End of the Twentieth Century. Social Sciencer Monographs - Atlantic Research and Publications, Boulder / CO - Highland Lakes / NJ 2004. 269-507. = East European Monographs 642. = Atlantic Studies on Society in Change 113.;

Valuch, Tibor: Changes in the Structure and Lifestyle of the Hungarian Society in the Second Half of the XXth Century. In: Social History of Hungary from the Reform Era to the End of the Twentieth Century. Social Sciencer Monographs - Atlantic Research and Publications, Boulder / CO - Highland Lakes / NJ 2004. 509-671. = East European Monographs 642. = Atlantic Studies on Society in Change 113.;


Etleva LALA Dr. – BBN-ERA-187/1 – BMA-ERAD-187/1 -– History of Daily Life – Albania in the Balkan Context

Time: Thursday, 12h30-14h00

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/229.



The History of Daily Life in Albania in the Balkan Context aims at highlighting the role of repetitive, habitualized and routinized behavior of humans of this region in the past, spotting thus patterns that otherwise would be hidden by the big events. Since the Balkan countries share in many aspects mentality and behavior, standard of living, (outer) appearance, dress, food, nutrition, housing, and their development, the comparative approach in addressing the daily life would enrich the better understanding of the country and of the region. The case studies that highlight the shared experiences and traditions of the region will be underpinned with literature that pays special attention to the theoretical and methodological aspects of analysis, the usage of various types of sources (written material, images, archaeological evidence) and their critical interpretation. Questions of source intention, representation, image and 'reality,' norm and practice, contrasts, connotations, ambiguities, and ambivalences will have a special focus.



Etleva LALA Dr. - –BBN-ERA-187/2 – BMA-ERAD-187/2 - Albania and the Ottoman Empire, 15-20 century

Time: Thursday, 10h30-12h00

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/229.



This course studies the Ottoman rule in Albania starting from the fall of Albanian territories under the Ottoman rule to the state independence in 1912. It is focusing on the following topics:

- The fall of Albania under the Ottoman rule (XV-XVI)

- The defter and the registration of the populace (XV-XVIII)

- The politico-administrative organization of Albanian territories into Sandžaks – the rise of the Albanian dynasties

- The economic development in Albania:

- The cultural development in Albania

- The Code of Lek Dukagjini and the Islamic Law

- Muslim Religion and Identity in Albania

- Albanian nationalism under the Ottoman Rule

- Ottoman Legacy in Albania

Student evaluation will be based on learning portfolio. Students will submit different small tasks like summaries, reflective papers, literature review on a chosen topic, annotated bibliography, or even a research proposal. At the end of the course, students will choose three of these tasks to receive their grades.



Győző LUGOSI dr. – BBN-ERA-185/1 – BMA-ERAD-185/1 Du Levant au Grand Moyen-Orient - analyse géohistorique

Time: Wednesday 10h00-11h30

Location: Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/207.


in French

Le cours offre une vue d'ensemble des éléments durables et changeants des principaux facteurs géographiques et environnementaux, socio-économiques et politico-idéologiques d'une région historique en conflit permanent durant le 19e et 20e siècles.



István MAJOROS dr. – BBN-ERA-185/2 – BMA-ERAD-185/2 – Central Europe and the Great Powers 1919-1940

Time: Monday 12h00 – 13h30

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/205.



English (or French)

What is Central Europe? Peace Conference in Paris and the new Europe after the First World War. The characteristics of the system of International Relations in the interwar period; The Collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy – the successor States: Czecoslovakia. Hungary, Rumania, Yugoslavia, Austria. The resurrection of Poland; The German Question;The Civil War in Russia, The Polono-Soviet War. The French system of alliance - French policy in the twenties: Paris – Warsaw, The Little Entente, Locarno. France and the other Great Powers in Central Europe – in 1920s. Franco-German Relations. The Soviet Union - 1920-1939. The idea of the United Europe – plans. The French policy in the thirties: The Nazi Germany – Central Europe and the Great Powers in the thirties; The end of the French system. Economy and foreign policy.



Mónika MÁTAY dr. – BBN-ERA-186/1 – BMA-ERAD-186/1 – Jews, Lepers, Prostitutes and Other Outcasts: Social Groups on the Margins in European History

Time: Thursday 12h00-13h30

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/266.


Aim of the course: The course is aimed to introducing students into the history and historiography various marginal social groups, including some female groups, Jews, gypsies, disabled, poor people, and criminals. The major text of the lessons, readings, online class discussions and tasks provide a short overview of the parallel history of these marginal groups in Europe where we try to understand how they faced permanent challenges from the world around them, and how they were able or unable to meet the requirements of larger societies and the state. We also try to reconstruct to what extent they managed to integrate themselves into various European countries. The wide range of different social groups and identities provides us to pose questions about similarities and differences. In addition, the lessons and the readings focus on cultural, social and theoretical issues, among others, historical memory, nationalism and national symbols, oral history, modernization, historical anthropology and representation.

During the classes we incorporate the findings of the latest historiographical trends into our work and we use various historical sources. Besides scholarly essays, we analyze memoirs, literary texts, microhistorical studies, visual images and documentaries. The course combines the grand narratives, the macro historical approach with microscopic topics, such as case studies which allow us to follow social, cultural and historical changes more closely.



Balázs NAGY dr. – Veronika NOVÁK dr. – BBN-ERA-183 - BMA-ERAD-183 – Urban civilisation, urban space in medieval Europe

Time: Wednesday: 8h30 – 10h00

Location: Múzeum körút 6-8. I/136.



Towns in the Middle Ages represent a distinct group of settlements. However they are very varied in their physical appearance, topography as well as their societies. The course aims to explore the development of some urban centers in medieval Europe from the early medieval period up to the seventeenth century. Three problems will be discussed in details. On the one hand the problem of defining towns in the Middle Ages. How much legal, topographic, functional approach can be fruitful in the study of medieval towns. Second the topographic development of some towns both in medieval Western and Central Europe will be analyzed. Amongst the case studies Buda, Prague Cracow as well as Paris and London will be discussed. Thirdly the course looks at the problem of the use of space in a medieval towns.



Gábor SONKOLY dr. – Adela-Gabriela HINCU dr. – Lena Marie RADAUER dr. – BMA-ERAD-188/a – Languages of Criticism in the Eastern Bloc

Time: Wednesday 14h00 – 15h30

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. I/130. – Atelier




This course is concerned with the formulation of critical discourses in Central and Eastern Europe during the period of late socialism (1960s-1980s). We will explore how resistance was expressed in the fields of the arts, social sciences, and politics in different countries of the Eastern Bloc, and how these movements connected with each other as well as international trends. The course is mainly organized around primary sources, such as literary works, performance and conceptual art, music, movies, and political texts, which we will discuss in the context of the emergence of counter-cultures across the Eastern Bloc (avant-garde literature, underground music scenes, flying universities, human rights, feminist, and environmental movements, Marxism humanism, etc.).



Ágnes Judit SZILÁGYI dr. BBN-ERA-185/3 – BMA-ERAD-185/3 – Latin American Political Leaders after the "THIRD WAVE" of Global Democratization

Time: Friday 12h30-14h00

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/209.


Important changes have taken place in Latin America's political development process in the late 20th century. Peace and democracy has largely replaced dictatorship and conflict in the region. The seminar attempts an overview of the most important leaders after the transition from authoritarianism to democracy in various Latin American countries.

Course reading:

Jorge I. Domínguez (ed.): Authoritarian and Democratic Regimes in Latin America. Garland, New York, 1994.

Francisco Gutierrez: Institutionalizing Global Wars: State Transformations in Columbia, 1978-2002, in Journal of International Affairs, Fall 2003. p.135-152.

John Higley - Richard Gunther szerk.: Elites and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America and Southern Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992.

Guillermo A. O’Donnell: Counterpoints: Selected Essays on Authoritarianism and Democratization. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame (Ind.), 1999.

Leigh A.Payne: Uncivil Movements: The Armed Right Wing and Democracy in Latin America. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2000.

George Philip: Democracy in Latin America: Surviving Conflict and Crisis? Polity, Malden (Mass.), 2003.



Zsuzsanna VARGA dr.BBN-ERA-184 – BMA-ERAD – 184 Everyday socialism in Hungary.

Time: Thursday 14h00-15h30

Location: Múzeum krt. 6-8. II/218.


The focus of most historical research into the recent past of Hungary has been and still continues to be on the processes of high politics. Much less attention has been paid to the issue of how socialism was experienced by the Hungarian population. This course gives an overview on the relationship between state projects (forced industrialization, collectivization, etc.) and social groups. However, the main focus on everday experience of the society from a bottom-up perspective. It concentrates on such topics, like socialist consumerism, private and public spheres, leisure time activities, youth culture, etc.

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